Tag Archives: Parthenon

Parthenon – What’s Required

Athens has to be near the top of your list if you are thinking about cities that have actually histories determined in thousands of years rather than just a few centuries or less.

The Temple of Hephaestus is perhaps the one temple you need to definitely make a beeline for during your stay. Some ancient Greek monuments are only partly standing, however this one is almost undamaged compared to the others. Only one part of the roofing has caught different issues over the centuries.

The most famous temple in Athens is the Parthenon, but this isn’t in as excellent condition as the Temple of Hephaestus. This temple comes from the Greek goddess Athena, who stood in support of heroes and as you may think from her name, she is likewise Athens’ client. The Parthenon stands majestically on top of the Acropolis, in itself a sight worth seeing. The two together regulate the interest and produce wonderful photos; they function as a pointer of ancient Greece in the middle of modern day Athens.

Interesting, isn’t it?

Any individual on a specialist classical Greece holiday will certainly see many incredible sights, consisting of the Temple at Delphi and the ruins of the Temple of Zeus at Mount Olympus. But dwarfing them all is the Parthenon in Athens, commonly considereded as the most essential classical monolith that is still standing today. It is an ancient temple to the goddess Athena, and is among the finest examples of ancient Greek architecture and artwork. The inside is a gold mine of sculptures (though much of its content now resides in the British museum), and the temple is put in an unforgettable location on the Acropolis, looking down over Athens.

While On The Topic Of Parthenon

Staying on the topic of temples, the Temple of Olympian Zeus is another have to see. Hardly any of this temple survives, but that in itself is something of a miracle since it was destroyed centuries before the present day. But what does continue to be still offers you a sense of grandness and scale, and can take your breath away.

Parthenon – Reality Check

Many people might think that the Olympics is an event that has been invented by the more modern generation of man. What they don’t just know that the Olympics have been around for thousands of years. Back in ancient Greece there was a festival held to honor the gods, more importantly the king of the gods, Zeus.

This Festival was called the Olympic games. They were held every four years, it was the largest event around. Peace treaties were established, and safe passage was guaranteed to all those who wished to participate. This not only gave the people something to look forward to, but also unified Greece and brought the people nearer to each other.

The games were held in Olympia (hence the name: the Olympics) and they were played out in a vast bowl. Next to the arena was a location that had temples in order that the people could go and worship the gods. The only problem was that, because the games grew in popularity, people begun to understand that the temple was not worthy of their king of the gods. A nicer, newer one was built, as they didn’t want to disgrace Zeus in front of all the people who came.

Random Mind Blab About Parthenon

They started building the new temple around 470 B.C. But it was not until 456 B.C. that the new temple was completed. It was beautiful to behold, a masterpiece that could make the gods proud. It was called the Temple of Zeus.

There was still a problem though. Many people still felt that the new temple was too empty, to plain to be worthy of Zeus, and because of this, they agreed to add a statue; a statue that would become one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

They picked a sculptor named Phidias. He had experience in the construction and decorating temples. One of the temples that he decorated was the Parthenon in Athens, where he built a forty-foot statue of the goddess Athena. He set out immediately to start his work after being called to Olympia for such a huge task.

A UNESCO World Heritage site, the Acropolis sits atop a 150 metre plateau overlooking modern-day Athens. The existing Parthenon was constructed during the Golden Age of Athens between 460 – 430 B. C and although it’s the most instantly recognisable building on the Acropolis, it is far from the only one. Other iconic structures include the Old Temple of Athena, the Temple of Athena Nike and many other impressive buildings, statues and ruins, including the spectacular Erectheum-featuring six robed female statues as supporting columns.

It was immense, and was placed in the western end of the temple. It was 23 feet wide and 40 feet tall. It has been criticized for being so big. One historian noted that if Zeus should try to get up then his head would go right through the ceiling of the temple.

Evidently some people thought that Phidias didn’t pay heed to the proper proportions in making it about as big as the temple itself. Others say that it’s a magnificent thing that he did in making Zeus larger than life, as it gave the impression of the might that Zeus possessed.

Correct proportions or not, it was a masterpiece in design. Zeus, in his right hand holds a statuette representing victory, and in his left hand he holds a scepter that had been inlaid with each type of metal. Perched on the upper part of the scepter is an eagle. It was not only the statue that impressed people with the throne was equally remarkable as the statue itself. It was made out of gold and ivory, and into the throne there were carved figures of Greek gods and mystical animals.

All her statues, except some, have a spear or a staff members in the right hand, and the left hand either holds an owl or a shield or in extremely rare instances, a spindle.

When Phidias returned home, he got into trouble, because Phidias was a close friend to the ruler of Athens. The enemies of that ruler took out his friends because they couldn’t go to the ruler himself. Phidias was arrested for stealing gold that was designed to be used on the statue in Athens. But they couldn’t prove he was guilty as they had no evidence. So they came up with something else. They claimed that he had carved his face into the sculpture at the Parthenon. Phidias was thrown in prison and he soon died awaiting trial.

The master might have died but his masterpiece did not. Zeus remained on his throne for many years, looking after the Olympic Games that brought nations together.